Manic Depression Symptoms
There are several possible symptoms of manic depression, ranging from overly "high" feelings (mania) to deep sadness and hopelessness (depression). These symptoms can vary across the spectrum of moods, and in some people may include symptoms of psychosis. In addition, symptoms may appear to be problems other than mental illness, such as drug or alcohol abuse, poor work performance, or strained relationships.
Manic depression causes dramatic mood swings, from overly "high" and/or irritable to sad and hopeless, and then back again, often with periods of normal mood in between. Severe changes in energy and behavior typically go along with these changes in mood. The periods of highs and lows are called episodes of mania and depression, respectively.
- Increased energy, activity, and restlessness
- Excessively "high," overly good, euphoric mood
- Extreme irritability
- Racing thoughts and talking very fast; jumping from one idea to another
- Distractibility; can't concentrate well
- Little sleep needed
- Unrealistic beliefs in one's abilities and powers
- Poor judgment
- Spending sprees
- A lasting period of behavior that is different from usual
- Increased sex drive
- Abuse of drugs, particularly cocaine, alcohol, and sleeping medications
- Provocative, intrusive, or aggressive behavior
- Denial that anything is wrong.
A manic episode is diagnosed if elevated mood occurs with three or more of the other symptoms most of the day, nearly every day, for one week or longer. If the mood is irritable, four additional symptoms must be present.